I will be flying a 172, hence stopping often. Before entering Brasil, I understand paperwork must be filed with the aviation authority. Is this accurate?
My plan was to hug the coast to Porto Seguro, then head west to Campo Grande. Will I have to file flight plans at every airport I stop at? Is it possible to just get flight following? And if I run into IMC, can I pick up IFR in the air? And how organized is ATC in Brasil? My flights through the Caribbean were quite frustrating because every time I was handed off the next controller had no idea who I was or where I was going.
Thanks in advance.
First of all: there is no such a thing as flight following
in Brazil. If you are flying VFR then you don't even need to contact me if you are on G airspace (you must check NOTAMs but in my FIR specifically you don't contact me unless you are on 3 sectors, those are the sectors 14, 15 and 16, from FOZ to CUB - west of Campo Grande). You will still have to file a flight plan though even if you don't enter those sectors where you must contact me, it won't be available to me that's why if you change to IFR in the air I will sound lost and ask your DEP airport, destination, final FL/altitude, type of aircraft and ask where you filed your flight plan. Then I will check with the guys that have access to the system with all the filed flight plans to my FIR to search it for me and I will ask them to activate it. But if you haven't filed a flight plan I will have to file it for you and you will be reported and pay an expensive fee. So: FILE YOUR FLIGHT PLAN. Where? CGNA - Login
or at every airport with an AIS room (what is it called there?) available.
The G airspace is from AGL to FL150 - if I am not mistaken that applies to all the FIRs in the country, maybe except Atlantico FIR - above that it is all A airspace. There are a few CTAs, you can also find about them on the charts, and they are usually D.
Radar surveillance service is provided starting on FL150 and the last VFR FL available is FL145. That's why if you are on FL145 you have no radar surveillance and I cannot provide that flight following thing (again that's not even regulated here).
AIP-BRASIL and the charts along with NOTAMs you can get them at AISWEB - Informações Aeronáuticas do Brasil
International flight entering Brazil? You MUST file your flight plan and obviously your first destination must be an international airport with customs services. I don't know exactly the procedure to get the authorisation to enter Brazilian airspace, probably you must file paperwork with ANAC. This one I can find out and get the answer later.